Abda  Duce-Ginnings

  • Age at death: 36
  • Age at death: 01/17/1709 O.S.
  • Birthplace / Origin: Hartford
  • Master / Mistress: Capt. Thomas Richards inherited Abda, and his mother, from James Richards, Thomas's father.
  • Manumission date: Abda was temporarily manumitted by a county court in 1703, but an appeal to the judgment by Richards was successful and he was ordered returned to his master. It seems that he did not do so. (See Hartford Courant, Nov 09, 1850)
  • Spouse: Lydia
  • Child: Joseph
  • Additional Relationships: Mother=Hannah Duce; father=John Jennins (also sp. Ginnings).
  • Most recent residence: Hartford, CT
  • Longest place of residence: Hartford, CT
  • Notes: Escaped from Thomas Richards to live with Captain Wadsworth in 1702. Subject of legal action involving Richard Lord. In Thomas Richards' probated estate in 1750, there are no enslaved people mentioned. Abda Duce's estate was probated in Hartford in 1709. In his probate documents, Abda is never described as "negro," "mulatto," or other racial marker. His status of slave or free is not indicated. His wife Lydia was allowed to take an oath in court.
  • Bibliographic sources: BJB, 19; CAMP; HBA, 18-19; CTPP; CT Arc II:10-21 (suit);
  • Escaped from Thomas Richards to live with Captain Wadsworth in 1702. Subject of legal action involving Richard Lord. In Thomas Richards’ probated estate in 1750, there are no enslaved people mentioned. Abda Duce’s estate was probated in Hartford in 1709. In his probate documents, Abda is never described as “negro,” “mulatto,” or other racial marker. His status of slave or free is not indicated. His wife Lydia was allowed to take an oath in court.

  • Confidence Level - confidence_level - Highly Confident
  • Ethnicity/Race/Tribal Affiliation: Multiracial (defined as )
  • Gender: Male